Casting terminology- Castings definition- Special casting process

Important casting terms:-


Flask: A metal or wood frame, without a fixed top or bottom, in which the mould is formed. Depending upon the position of the flask in the moulding structure, it is referred to by various names such as drag – lower moulding flask, cope – upper moulding flask, cheek – intermediate moulding flask used in three-piece moulding.

Pattern: It is the replica of the final object to be made. The mould cavity is made with the help of a pattern.

Parting line: This is the dividing line between the two moulding flasks that makes up the mould.

Moulding sand: Sand, which binds strongly without losing its permeability to air or gases. It is a mixture of silica sand, clay, and moisture in appropriate proportions.

Facing sand: The small amount of carbonaceous material sprinkled on the inner surface of the mould cavity to give a better surface finish to the castings.

Core: A separate part of the mould, made of sand and generally baked, which is used to create openings and various shaped cavities in the castings.

Pouring basin: A small funnel-shaped cavity at the top of the mould into which the molten metal is poured.

Sprue: The passage through which the molten metal, from the pouring basin, reaches the mould cavity. In many cases, it controls the flow of metal into the mould.

Runner: The channel through which the molten metal is carried from the sprue to the gate.

Gate: A channel through which the molten metal enters the mould cavity.

Chaplets: Chaplets are used to support the cores inside the mould cavity to take care of their own weight and overcome the metallostatic force.

Riser: A column of molten metal placed in the mould to feed the castings as it shrinks and solidifies. Also known as “feed head”. Vent: Small opening in the mould to facilitate the escape of air and gases.

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